- Future generations - Forecast return to surplus by 2019-20, one year ahead of schedule.
- Middle and low-income earners - From the 2019 financial year until the 2022 financial year, middle and low-income tax earners will get a tax offset of up to $530 a year. From July 1, 2018 the top threshold for the 37 per cent tax bracket will increase to $90,000. In the 2020s the income tax threshold will be further raised to combat bracket creep for middle and high-income earners. The government will also keep the Medicare levy at 2 per cent, instead of increasing it to 2.5 per cent from July 1, 2019 as previously planned.
- Older Australians - $1.6 billion over the next four years to increase the number of home care places by 14,000 to support older Australians who want to stay at home rather than going into residential aged care.
- Infrastructure - $3.5 billion for roads including $1.5 billion for Northern Australia, $400 million for Tasmania, $100 million for NSW and ACT Barton Highway Corridor and $1.5 billion for "future national priorities". An additional $1 billion "Urban Congestion Fund" to fix pinch points and improve traffic flow.
- Patients - Extra $1.4 billion over five years from 2017-18 for new Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme listings, including medicines to treat spinal muscular atrophy, breast cancer, refractory multiple myeloma, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and a new medicine to prevent HIV.
- Indigenous Australians - $550 million over five years from 2018-19 to address remote housing needs in the Northern Territory.
- Great Barrier Reef - $536 million over five years from 2017-18 to crack down on coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish and improve the quality of water entering the Reef.
- Craft beer drinkers - From July 1, 2019, concessioanl draught beef excise rates will apply to smaller kegs typically used by craft brewers, making craft beer cheaper.
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